The Gothic Line in Badia Tedalda
If we look at German military maps of the period, the extent that Badia Tedalda and the surrounding area were truly in the “eye of the storm” becomes immediately obvious, because the Gothic Line passed through here and this was precisely the reason why the main defensive lines were built. In addition, the general headquarters of the 114th Jager-Division was established in Badia Tedalda and, together with anti-aircraft artillery guns, charged with the task of defending this area.
It was not by chance that the Wehrmacht had considered these ridges and passes to be of prime importance for maintaining their defensive position: they allowed control of access (from the south) to three valleys: l’alta Tiberina, l’alta Valmarecchia, l’alta Valle del Foglia (the upper valleys of the Tiber, Marecchia and Foglia rivers).
In other words, this meant blocking the Allied advance to Forli, Rimini and Pesaro. It meant closing the doors at a crucial point, where within just a few kilometres of each other there are two “entrances” (the Passes of Montecoronaro and Viamaggio) which would have allowed the Allies to cross the Apennines with armoured vehicles.